What Is Encryption?
According to Webopedia, encryption is a "translation of data into a secret code." So if a file got encrypted, the information within it has been scrambled according to a certain algorithm, and so it is impossible to read it just like any other file in plain text. To "unlock" the encrypted file, you need a key or a password that would help you decrypt it. Encryption is a very common method that is employed to strengthen cyber security. Likewise, it can also be misused by cyber criminals to threaten users into giving away their money. The current ransomware pandemic also comes along with encryption, where criminals hold victim's files hostage asking to pay for the decryption tool. So just like almost any tool, encryption can be used for both positive and negative purposes.
What Is Password Encryption?
Some security experts say that the exact term is not password encryption but password "hashing." However, the act of storing user passwords safely can be called both, encrypting and hashing, depending on the method you choose. So what are the differences? First, hashing is a one-way function, while symmetric encryption is a reversible operation. Michael Coates at DARK Reading pointed out that encryption "allows anyone with access to the encryption key to decrypt and obtain the original input value." Hashing does not allow reverting the value to its original form that easy. As a result, hashing is mostly used within data systems and it does not require the user's intervention. Encryption might be chosen by the user themselves, especially if they use a password encryption tool.
How Does Password Encryption Work With Cyclonis Password Manager?
Cyclonis Password Manager (https://www.cyclonis.com/products/password-manager/) can be considered a password encryption tool because it provides you with a password vault that responds only to one key - your master password. Therefore, you have your encrypted data and a token necessary to unlock it.
Let's say you have several passwords stored in Cyclonis Password Manager. What happens to your passwords when they get saved on Cyclonis? Well, first, your password vault is encrypted using the AES-256 algorithm in GCM mode. AES stands for Advanced Encryption Standard and it was first published in 1998. This encryption algorithm has been adopted by the U.S. governmen, and it can be encountered anywhere in the world these days. Cyclonis also uses PKCS5_PBKDF2 and HMAC_DRBG to generate encryption that would protect your data. PKCS5_PBKDF2 is a key derivation function that should reduce encrypted keys vulnerability to brute force attacks. Keeping in mind that nowadays brute force attacks are really dangerous due to powerful CPUs, it is necessary to employ such tools to protect your data. Meanwhile, HMAC_DRBG is a cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator based on hash-based message authentication code. The only way to unlock the password vault is to use your master password. Cyclonis has certain requirements for the master password, making it as complex as possible. One important thing to remember when using Cyclonis is that the app does not store the master password anywhere. So it is important that users DO NOT LOSE it.
Another significant aspect of Cyclonis Password Manager is that it offers the two-factor authentication feature. Two-factor authentication or multi-factor authentication is a system that ensures a higher level of security for any kind of sensitive data. It is possible to configure Cyclonis in a way each time you access your account through a new device; you will get a temporary one-time-password sent to your email. This way, by entering the temporary code, you would confirm your identity on a new device that the application does not initially recognize. This minimizes the possibility that someone else might use your account on an unfamiliar device. You can also set up multi-factor authentication for every login on any device you use.
Why Is It Recommended to Use a Password Encryption Tool?
The answer is simple: For your personal data security. When the password encryption tool is also a password manager, it provides you with a certain level of simplicity because you no longer need to remember every single password. What's more, you can be sure that a password manager will not reuse the same password for multiple accounts because Cyclonis generates strong, unique, individual passwords. And those passwords are protected in your password vault with encryption, you being the only one who has the key to unlock the vault. So such an application gives you several advantages. First, you do not need to come up with complex passwords yourself. Second, all your passwords are stored in one place. Third, the storage vault is protected with a strong encryption algorithm, and you can be sure that passwords will not be leaked just like that.
Keywords: cyclonis password manager, free password manager, password manager
By: Benjamin Jones
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