What is a panic disorder?
A panic disorder involves recurrent and often unexplained attacks of panic or fear that last for several minutes. Sometimes, symptoms can go on for longer. These are called panic attacks. Panic attacks are brought on, even when there is actually nothing to pre-empt it and can be characterized by a strong physical reaction (sometimes even resembling a heart attack).
Panic disorders can cause temper tantrums and separation anxiety in younger children, refusal to go to school, phobias, worrying, and general loss of confidence. These difficulties often take months to sort out, so it is important to treat panic disorder asap! Also, it is important to consult a doctor.
What are the signs and symptoms of a panic attack?
Panic disorder often begins in the late teens or early adulthood. More women than men have panic disorders. Symptoms of a panic attack are
• Sudden and repeated attacks of fear.
• A feeling of being out of control during a panic attack.
• An intense worry about when the next attack will happen.
• A fear or avoidance of places where panic attacks have occurred in the past.
• Physical symptoms during an attack, such as a pounding or racing heart, sweating, breathing problems, weakness or dizziness, feeling hot or a cold chill, tingly or numb hands, chest pain, or stomach pain.
Causes of Panic Attacks
Panic disorder is said to run in families, but it’s still not established why some people get it and some escape it. Stress and environmental factors may play a role.
How is panic disorder treated?
Effective panic attack treatment includes psychological treatments and medications. There are support groups to help you and your family to cope.
A psychotherapy called cognitive behaviour therapy is recommended for panic attacks. It teaches a person to change his or her thinking, behaving, and reacting to situations that help him or her feel less anxious and fearful. Tips to control worrying should be taught.
• Anti-anxiety medications &
It’s important to know that although both drugs can be safe and effective for many people, they may be risky for some, especially children, teens, and young adults. Anyone taking antidepressants should be monitored closely for developing side effects or addiction. Talk to your doctor about the best treatment for you or your family members.
3) How to overcome panic attacks naturally
• In mild attacks, there are ways to stop panic attacks naturally. People can learn to stop them by relaxing or doing something like taking a drink of water or splashing water on their face. This decreases or stops the attack.
• Getting enough sleep and eating regularly.
• Establishing a regular routine.
• Avoiding caffeine, alcohol and drugs.
• Facing the fears- “Practice” going into feared situations, starting with a short period of time (15-20 min) and working up. Having a trusted person along, at first can help.
• Developing confidence and social skills by joining activities, practice calling friends, becoming more physically active, and taking some risks.
• Hanging around with people who make you feel more confident, and not people who put you down.
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